Nature & Islam

Creation of Universe According to Nature & Islam


Creation of Universe is described in the Quran as the creation of the universe by Allah’s will with a single command: “Be!” Quran highlight Allah’s power of creation in several verses here mentioning some of them;

(2:117) God is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. Whenever He decides to do anything, He just commands it to exist and it comes into existence. Translation by MOHAMMAD SARWAR

(2:117) Creator of the heavens and the earth from nothingness, He has only to say when He wills a thing: “Be”, and it is. Translation by AHMED ALI

(41:11) Moreover He comprehended in His design the sky, and it had been (as) smoke: He said to it and to the earth: “Come ye together, willingly or unwillingly.” They said: “We do come (together), in willing obedience.” Translation by ABDULLAH YUSUF ALI

The scientifically proven fact is that this universe we are still unable to observe is constantly expanding. Another interesting feature of the universe, whose age we are unable to calculate, is that it was created from nothing in the explosion known as the “Big Bang.” The universe we cannot observe, and whose age we do not know.

A Belgian priest named Georges LeMaitre first suggested the big bang theory in the 1920s, when he theorized that the universe began from a single primordial atom. Big Bang model that appears naturally within the general Theory of Relativity of Einstein. The idea received major boosts from Edwin Hubble’s observations that galaxies are speeding away from us in all directions, as well as from the 1960s discovery of cosmic, microwave radiation.

Further work has helped clarify the big bang’s tempo. Here’s the theory: In the first 10^-43 seconds of its existence, the universe was very compact, less than a million billion billionth the size of a single atom. It’s thought that at such an incomprehensibly dense, energetic state, the four fundamental forces—gravity, electromagnetism, and the strong and weak nuclear forces—were forged into a single force, but current theories haven’t yet figured out how a single, unified force would work.

It’s also thought that the extremely close quarters allowed the universe’s very first particles to mix, mingle, and settle into roughly the same temperature. Then, in an unimaginably small fraction of a second, all that matter and energy expanded outward more or less evenly, with tiny variations provided by fluctuations on the quantum scale. That model of breakneck expansion, called inflation. Reference

Even now the universe is expanding, and to astronomers’ surprise, the pace of expansion is accelerating. It’s thought that this acceleration is driven by a force that repels gravity called dark energy.

Scientists know in this century but Quranic verse explains expanding of this universe 1400 ago.

(51:47) And the heaven, We raised it high with power, and it is We that expand the vastness of space (or We are the expanders of it). Translation by HAMID ABDUL AZIZ

As time passed and matter cooled enough for the four fundamental forces to separate from one another. The universe’s fundamental particles also formed, more diverse kinds of particles began to form, and they eventually condensed into the stars and galaxies of our present universe. According to these theories scientists saying that universe was born nearly 13.7 billion years ago. Earth formed around 4.54 billion years ago, approximately one-third the age of the universe, by accretion from the solar nebula

The Laws of Nature (Gravitation, Matter, & Light)

All interactions in the Universe are governed by four fundamental forces. On the large scale, the forces of Gravitation and Electromagnetism rule, while the Strong and Weak Forces dominate the microscopic realm of the atomic nucleus.

These forces govern how objects or particles interact and how certain particles decay. All the known forces of nature can be traced to these fundamental interactions. For years physicists have sought to show that the four basic forces are simply different manifestations of the same fundamental force.

According to Islam

Allah is the only one power Who created whole universe and Governs it.

(32:4) Allah it is He Who has created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them in six Days. Then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). You (mankind) have none, besides Him, as a Wali (protector or helper etc.) or an intercessor. Will you not then remember (or be admonished)? Translation by MUHAMMAD TAQI-UD-DIN AL-HILALI AND MUHAMMAD MUHSIN KHAN

(7:54) Your Lord is God who established His dominion over the Throne (of the realm) after having created the heavens and the earth in six days. He made the night darken the day which it pursues at a (considerable) speed and He made the sun and the moon submissive to His command. Is it not He Who creates and governs all things? Blessed is God, the Cherisher of the Universe. Translation by MUHAMMAD SARWAR

(41:53) We will show them Our manifest signs (proofs) in the horizons of the universe and within their own selves, until it will become manifest to them that it (the Quran) is indeed the truth. Is it not sufficient (as proof) that your Lord is a witness over all things (just as He is witnessed to by all things)? Translation by ALI UNAL

The laws placed by Allah take into account all natural phenomena and provide further proof for Allah’s greatness, which the Qur’an describes in detail.

(6:96) It is He who kindles the light of dawn, and has made the night for you to rest, and the sun and moon as a means of calculation. This is the design of the Majestic and All-knowing God. Translation by MUHAMMAD SARWAR

(6:97) He it is Who has made for you the stars (in their present conditions and positions) so that you may find your way by them in the darkness of the land and the sea. Assuredly, We have set out in detail the signs and proofs (of the truth) for a people seeking knowledge. Translation by ALI UNAL

(36:38) And the sun runs the course appointed for it for a term to its resting-place for the stability of it(s system). This is the measured determining of the All-Glorious with irresistible might (to Whose omnipotent ordering the whole universe is submitted), the All-Knowing. Translation by ALI UNAL


The universe was created in a moment by Almighty Allah telling it “Be!” Created in such a short time, the universe still possesses a glorious variety and harmony. Allah’s creation of the entire universe is a great blessing for human beings, because it shows us that we are under the control of the Omniscient Allah.

The universe, which enfolds outer space and all things, possesses an immaculate creation, matchless systems and includes our Earth with a balance and order meeting all the conditions needed to sustain life. All scientific findings in the 20th and 21st Centuries in particular show that the universe is the result of an immaculate creation. The one truth revealed by science is that All-Mighty and All-Knowing Allah created the universe. Reference