Central Superior Services (CSS) Pakistan


The Central Superior Services (CSS or Bureaucracy) is a permanent elite bureaucratic authority, and the civil service that is responsible for running the civilian bureaucratic operations and government secretariats and directorates of the Cabinet of Pakistan

CSS exam held each year application starts from Oct and exam held on Next Feb. eligibility must hold at least a Bachelor’s Degree with the second division in any Faculty/Discipline from one of the Pakistani Universities. The age limit for admission in CSS Examination is 21-30 years.

Compulsory Subjects Syllabus

Essay (100 Marks)
English (Precis & Composition) (100 Marks)
General Science & Ability (100 Marks)
Current Affairs (100 Marks)
Pakistan Affairs (100 Marks)
Islamiat (100 Marks)

Optional Subjects Seven Groups

There are seven optional groups where need to select subjects total marks 600, depending upon the proficiency and relevant degree holding.

Written exam, medical & psychological test than finally viva voce. You can make not more than three (03) attempts for the CSS exam.

(CSS Old / Past Papers)

  • Merit 7.5 %
  • Punjab (Including Federal Area of Islamabad) 50 %
  • Sindh (Including Karachi) 19%
  • The Share of Sindh will be further sub-allocated in the following ratio:
  • Urban Areas, namely Karachi, Hyderabad & Sukkur 40% of 19% or 7.6%.
  • Rural Areas i.e. rest of Sindh (Excluding Karachi, Hyderabad & Sukkur, 60% of 19% or 11.4%. 19 %)
  • NWFP 11.5 %
  • Balochistan 6 %
  • Northern Areas and Federally Administrated Tribal Areas 4 %
  • Azad Kashmir 2%
    • Women Reserved Quota: 10% Women quota will be observed / calculated from the share of each province / region

CSS reserved seats for Armed Services through your own service. These are about 10 seats every year on average of which 6-7 go to the Army and the rest to Navy and Air Force. Air Force usually gets about 1-2 seats every year, and among many factors to consider in this process is your domicile as well.

After successful selection

The posts at initial officer level i.e. BS-17, are classified to be filled by way of promotion or transfer and by direct recruitment under share fixed for each category. The recommendation for appointment in BS-17, under direct recruitment share, is done by FPSC, which is established under its own law as a requirement of the Constitution.

The rest of posts reserved for departmental officers under promotion quota and posts under appointment by transfer is confined for officers inducted through lateral entry or for hardship cases coming from surplus pool.

In practical terms, those appointed on posts in direct appointment quota in each occupational groups through CSS Exam have natural advantage. They join service at young age as compared to departmental officers, and therefore reach to the highest slots. Since the number of direct officers at entry level are few but their quotas in posts in BS-18 to BS-22 are fixed on the higher side, therefore their promotions are fast paced. These arrangements make the civil service attractive for talented individuals and instill sense of superiority and pride.